SAFFORD — According to a Dec. 5, 2014 economic news release from the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the national average of multiple jobholders (defined by the Arizona Department of Administration as those who “had two or more jobs as a wage and salary worker, were self-employed and also held a wage and salary job, or worked as an unpaid family worker and also held a wage and salary job”) rose from 4.8 percent (roughly 6.9 million) in November 2013 to 5.1 percent (roughly 7.5 million) in November 2014. Prior to that, it had declined or remained flat since peaking at 6.2 percent in 1996.
The increased rate of people holding more than one job in 2014 included both men and women, with slightly higher numbers among female workers. The number of male multiple jobholders climbed from 3.3 million to 3.6 million an increase of 270,000; female multiple jobholders went from 3.6 million to 3.9 million an additional 306,000. The rate of rise in percentages was identical for both genders: from 4.4 to 4.7 percent of the work force for men and 5.3 to 5.6 percent for women.
Of those who work at multiple jobs, the majority (just over 4 million as of November 2014) hold full-time positions with a part-time secondary job. In this category, the numbers above are reversed: Male workers outnumber female in both total numbers (2.2 million to 1.8 million) and number of added (263,000 to 181,000). Roughly 2 million people work at two or more part-time jobs to make ends meet. The differences were most striking in that category; the number of women working multiple part-time jobs jumped by 93,000 over the year, while the number of men doing the same actually decreased by 10,000.
While the Dec. 5 report did not break the numbers down by region or state, an August 2014 Bureau of Labor Statistics report indicated that 47 states and the District of Columbia had lower multiple jobholding rates in 2013 than in 1996. The numbers varied by region; the New England states, the Great Plains states and the West Coast (with the exception of California at 4.1 percent) generally had significantly higher rates than the national average, while the Deep South tended to have lower rates. The highest rates of multiple jobholders were found in South Dakota (8.9 percent, down from 9.5 in 2012) and Vermont (8.8 percent, slightly up from 8.6). Arizona’s multiple jobholding rate was 4.9 percent in 2013, another slight uptick from its 2012 rate of 4.8 percent.